| Protein Name :
Aurora kinase B
UniProtKB / Swiss-Prot ID : AURKB_PIG
Gene Name (Synonyms) :
AURKB, AIK2, AIM1, AIRK2, ARK2, STK1, STK12, STK5
Species : Sus scrofa (Pig).
Subcellular Localization : Nucleus (By similarity). Chromosome (By similarity). Chromosome, centromere (By similarity). Cytoplasm, cytoskeleton, spindle (By similarity). Note=Localizes on chromosome arms and inner centromeres from prophase through metaphase and then transferring t
Protein Function : Serine/threonine-protein kinase component of the chromosomal passenger complex (CPC), a complex that acts as a key regulator of mitosis. The CPC complex has essential functions at the centromere in ensuring correct chromosome alignment and segregation and is required for chromatin-induced microtubule stabilization and spindle assembly. Involved in the bipolar attachment of spindle microtubules to kinetochores and is a key regulator for the onset of cytokinesis during mitosis. Required for central/midzone spindle assembly and cleavage furrow formation. AURKB phosphorylates the CPC complex subunits BIRC5/survivin, CDCA8/borealin and INCENP. Phosphorylation of INCENP leads to increased AURKB activity. Other known AURKB substrates involved in centromeric functions and mitosis are CENPA, DES/desmin, GPAF, KIF2C, NSUN2, RACGAP1, SEPT1, VIM/vimentin, GSG2/Haspin and histone H3. A positive feedback loop involving GSG2 and AURKB contributes to localization of CPC to centromeres. Phosphorylation of VIM controls vimentin filament segregation in cytokinetic process, whereas histone H3 is phosphorylated at 'Ser-10' and 'Ser-28' during mitosis. AURKB is also required for kinetochore localization of BUB1 and SGOL1. Phosphorylation of p53/TP53 negatively regulates its transcriptional activity (By similarity).