| Protein Name :
Serine/threonine-protein phosphatase 2A catalytic subunit alpha isoform
UniProtKB / Swiss-Prot ID : PP2AA_HUMAN
Gene Name (Synonyms) :
Species : Homo sapiens (Human).
Subcellular Localization : Cytoplasm. Nucleus. Chromosome, centromere. Cytoplasm, cytoskeleton, spindle pole. Note=In prometaphase cells, but not in anaphase cells, localizes at centromeres. During mitosis, also found at spindle poles. Centromeric localization requires the presenc
Protein Function : PP2A can modulate the activity of phosphorylase B kinase casein kinase 2, mitogen-stimulated S6 kinase, and MAP-2 kinase. Cooperates with SGOL2 to protect centromeric cohesin from separase-mediated cleavage in oocytes specifically during meiosis I (By similarity). Can dephosphorylate SV40 large T antigen and p53/TP53. Dephosphorylates SV40 large T antigen, preferentially on serine residues 120, 123, 677, and perhaps 679. The C subunit was most active, followed by the AC form, which was more active than the ABC form, and activity of all three forms was strongly stimulated by manganese, and to a lesser extent by magnesium. Dephosphorylation by the AC form, but not C or ABC form is inhibited by small T antigen. Activates RAF1 by dephosphorylating it at 'Ser-259'.